Voting Bloc

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Part IV g. Voting Bloc

During the conference, voting bloc will be used to vote on substantive matters, such as resolutions or amendments. Voting bloc is sometimes thought of as one of the more complex portions of the conference, but your dais should go over the rules upon entering voting bloc.

During voting bloc, the doors are closed, meaning that nobody may enter the room while voting bloc is in session. If for some reason you need to leave the room during voting bloc, you may not come back inside until voting bloc is over. In order to pass a resolution, you must reach a simple majority. Although it would capture the essence of the United Nations, reaching a unanimous decision is not required! 
Methods of voting include:
Vote by Acclimation: For this vote, the dais will ask if there are any objections from the body in passing the resolution. The dais will usually ask this three times and if there are no objections, the resolution will be passed. If you do not wish to see a resolution passed by acclamation, you merely need to raise your placard when the dais calls for objections.
Vote by Placard: For this vote, each member of the body will raise their placard when asked if they support, reject, or abstain from a document.
Vote by Roll Call: For this vote, the dais will call on each Member State individually, who will then answer ‘yes’, ‘no’, ‘abstain’, or ‘pass’. Note, if you are Present and Voting, you must choose ‘yes’ or ‘no’. If you pass, you will be returned to after each member state has been called on and then you must indicate ‘yes’ or ‘no’. In larger committees, this is fairly time consuming.

If there is a particularly long or controversial resolution, a Division of the Question might be used. It is used to separate a part of a resolution to be voted on separately. If a division of the question is successful and the resolution it came from passes, the Division of the Question will be invalid. However if the resolution fails to pass despite the Division of the Question being successful, those particular clause(s) will be put into action.

Amendments might also be added to resolutions. They can be used to add, remove, or move around words in a resolution. They are voted on after their respective resolution. There are two types of amendments:
Friendly Amendments: amendments that have the approval of all the sponsors of the resolution. They do not need to be voted on.
Unfriendly Amendment: amendments that do not have the approval of all the sponsors from the resolution. They require a vote.

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